Zach Wilson and Andrea Barry

Zach Wilson and Andrea Barry

The pandemic positioned a big obstacle for all of us. While there may have been a general enthusiasm about the go back to’normality’, the cost-of-living crisis, looming big, brings a really genuine risk of further difficulty. Families With 16-24 Year-Olds Even prior to the most current alarming forecasts about inflation, from November 2021 to March 2022 alone, there was a 25 %boost in grownups who stated their cost of

living had increased from 62%to 87%(ONS, 2022). Additionally, 29%of individuals aged 16-24 reported that their family would now not have the ability to manage an unanticipated expenditure. This compares with just 19%of grownups aged 65 to 74 and 16 %of adults

aged 75 and above. Increases in the cost of fuel have actually received substantial attention in the media and in policy. Nevertheless, the expense of many daily items has actually increased significantly( see Figure 1 ). The cost of food and non-alcoholic drinks in addition to clothes and footwear has actually increased substantially over the last 12 months. We are all impacted when daily life gets more costly, however the effects are really different depending upon personal circumstances and where we live. Figure 1: Percentage price changes in important and non-essential products Source: YFF analysis of ONS, Consumer rate inflation, UK: August 2022 On average, expenses have actually risen more as a proportion of the money readily available for poorer households than for better-off ones. Based upon the percentage of budget plans assigned to a number of broad product classifications, the Institute for Fiscal Studies calculated that the yearly inflation rate for the poorest 10% of homes was 10.9%in April. On the other hand, the lowest inflation rate of 7.9%, was experienced by the most affluent 10%of families. This is because energy costs, the primary source of recent inflation, represent a majority of low-income families’budgets. Among youths, those who cope with parents or buddies might still be impacted by rising costs, and any monetary’ safeguard ‘that they’ve had the ability to depend on might become less safe. Nevertheless youths who supply the main income for a home, whether this includes a single person or a family, are likely to discover themselves at greater danger of difficulty. Some might even delay establishing their own home or family since increasing energy, leas, and other costs price them out of living independently.

16-24 Year-Olds who are ‘Heads of Household’ and Not in Full-Time Education

Around 14.3% of young people aged 16-24, not in full-time education, are ‘heads of household’, with the most substantial proportions in those aged 21 or above (see Figure 2). For 21-24 year-olds, 18.7% of those not in full-time education are ‘heads of household’. For that reason, a relatively high proportion of youths will be dealing with a hard winter, as they are the ones accountable for dealing with increasing costs.

Figure 2: Proportion of young people in each age band who are not in full-time education and are likewise heads of home: UK, April-June 2022 Source: YFF analysis of ONS, Labour

Force Survey (April-June 2022) Young People Not in Full-Time Education In the UK, 3.15 m people aged 16-24 are not in full-time education. Of these, 2.41 m are in employment, 0.22 m are jobless and 0.513 m are non-active (YFF analysis of ONS, Labour Force Survey, April-June 2022). The cost-of-living crisis will impact in a different way on youths not in full-time education depending on whether they are employed, jobless or inactive, and whether they are the head of household.

Used Young People who are Not In Full-Time Education: The Issue of Insecure Work

Around one-in-nine 18-24 year-olds not completely time education are on zero-hours agreements, agency, casual, seasonal, and low-paid self-employed work ((YFF analysis of ONS, Labour Force Survey, April-June 2022). Insecure work is specifically typical in this age, significantly more than those aged 25-50. According to the Work Foundation Index, young employees are two and half times most likely to be in seriously insecure work than those in the middle of their working lives (43% of 16-24 year olds vs. 17% of 25-65 years of age).

Handicapped Young People who are Not in Full-Time Education

Even in typical times, handicapped individuals deal with significantly greater living costs than people who don’t have a disability. ONS figures show that disabled individuals in the UK are being harder hit than non-disabled people by the ever-increasing rates; 42% of handicapped grownups are investing less on food and other fundamentals compared to 31% of non-disabled adults. Youths who are disabled are likewise more susceptible due to the fact that they are less likely than others to be in work or full-time education.

16-24 Year-Olds who are Not in Education, Employment or Training (NEET)

The NEET category is various to the ‘Not in Full-Time Education’ category. The essential difference is that it consists of 16-24 year-olds who are jobless or non-active, who remain in part-time education. For this factor, the NEET estimate of 711,000 is slightly less than the Not completely Time Education category of 733,000.

Young People and Mental Health

Research study shows continuously searching for work, specifically for young people who aren’t in work, education (full-time and part-time) or training, raises the danger of mental health issues.


Low-income homes feel the impacts of rising expenses more sharply than better-off ones. Moreover, threats for poorer results (such as being NEET or heading up a family) are higher in the more deprived areas of England. For instance, more than one-in-five of 16- 24 year-old people living in the North West and North East are both NEET and head of household.

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:290 px)#local- grid-41835 > li Recommendation 1 There requires to be a policy concentrate on getting 16-24 year-olds in insecure employment who are not in full-time education into more safe types of employment. This would be valuable in order to mitigate any additional hardship within this group – – as the cost-of-living crisis progresses– particularly for those who are heads of households.

Suggestion 2

There requires to be urgent policy concentrate on youths who are ‘heads of household’, particularly those with other threat factors that might lead to being struck harder by increasing expenses, such as disability, ethnic culture and NEET status.

Suggestion 3

More regular updates from ONS on youths not in full-time education and NEET data for England and areas, instead of simply the UK, would also assist stakeholders to more quickly plan in your area tailored interventions to support young people and track outcomes.

By Zach Wilson, Senior Analysis Officer and Andrea Barry, Analysis Manager, Youth Futures Foundation

Series Rundown Day 1 Friday 21st October Louise

  1. Murphy, Economist, Resolution Foundation: The Cost-of-Living and the Energy Crisis for Households
  2. James Kewin, Deputy Chief Executive, Sixth Form Colleges Association: The Cost-of-Living Crisis and 16-19 Year-Olds in Full-Time Further Education

Day 2

Saturday 22nd October

  1. Becci Newton, Public Policy Research Director, Institute for Employment Studies: The Cost-of-Living Crisis and 16-18 Year-Olds in Jobs with Apprenticeships
  2. Zach Wilson, Senior Analysis Officer and Andrea Barry, Analysis Manager, Youth Futures Foundation: The Cost-of-Living Crisis and 16-24 Year-Olds ‘Not in Full-Time Education’

Day 3

Monday 24th October

  1. Nick Hillman, Director, Higher Education Policy Institute: The Cost-of-Living Crisis and Full-Time and Postgraduate Higher Education
  2. Liz Marr, Pro-Vice Chancellor– Students, The Open University: The Cost-of-Living Crisis and Part-Time Higher Education in England

Day 4

Tuesday 25th October

  1. Steve Hewitt, Further Education Consultant: The Cost-of-Living Crisis: Access to HE and Foundation Year Programmes
  2. Sophia Warren, Senior Policy Analyst, Policy in Practice: The Cost-of-Living Crisis, Universal Credit, Jobs and Skills Training

Day 5

Wednesday 26th October

  1. Paul Bivand, Independent Labour Market Analyst: Economic Inactivity by the Over 50s, the Cost-of-Living Crisis and Adult Training
  2. Aidan Relf, Skills Consultant: The Cost-of-Living Crisis and Employer Demand for Level 2-7 Apprenticeships

Day 6

Thursday 27th October

  1. Mandy Crawford-Lee, Chief Executive, UVAC: The Cost-of-Living Crisis and Employer Demand for Level 4+ Apprenticeships and Part-Time Technical Education
  2. Simon Parkinson, Chief Executive, WEA: The Cost-of-Living Crisis and Adult Community Learning

Day 7

Friday 28th October

  1. David Hughes, Chief Executive, AoC: The Cost-of-Living Crisis and FE Colleges
  2. Jane Hickie, Chief Executive, AELP: The Cost-of-Living Crisis and Independent Training Providers

Day 8

Saturday 29th October

  1. Susan Pember, Policy Director, HOLEX: The Cost-of-Living Crisis and Adult Education Providers
  2. Martin Jones, Vice-Chancellor and David Etherington, Professor of Local and Regional Economic Development, Staffordshire University: The Cost-of-Living Crisis– The Response of Staffordshire University
  3. Chris Hale, Policy Director, Universities UK: The Cost-of-Living Crisis and Universities

The Cost-of-Living Crisis and 16-24 Year-Olds ‘Not in Full-Time Education’ was released on FE News by Campaign for Learning